Program Design

Double the Work: Challenges and Solutions to Acquiring Language and Academic Literacy for Adolescent English Language Learners

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Summary: This 2007 report by the Carnegie Foundation and the Center for Applied Linguistics identifies challenges faced by adolescent ELLs in meeting grade-level academic expectations. It also provides recommendations for teacher education, educational research, school administrators and policy makers, along with instructional approaches likely to increase student achievement. The downloadable PDF would be an excellent resource for those designing PD, developing grant proposals, doing advocacy work, and developing knowledge about teaching middle/high school ELLs.

Original Date of Publication: 2007


Double the Work (PDF), co-funded by the Carnegie Foundation and the Center for Applied Linguistics, outlines the challenges that secondary English language learners (ELLs) face in trying to meet grade-level academic expectations while they are still acquiring the English language. This report is crucial reading for all individuals who work with secondary ELLs, whether as classroom teachers, support teachers, or administrators.

Double the Work identifies the major challenges to improving literacy in adolescent ELLs:

  • Lack of common criteria for identifying ELLs and tracking their performance
  • Lack of appropriate assessments
  • Inadequate educator capacity for improving literacy in ELLs
  • Lack of appropriate and flexible program options
  • Limited use of research-based instructional practices
  • Lack of a strong and coherent research agenda for adolescent ELL literacy

The report makes the following recommendations to help meet the literacy needs of ELLs:

  • Set common criteria for identifying these learners and tracking their performance.
  • Develop new and improved assessments of their native language abilities, English language development, and content-knowledge learning.
  • Build capacity among pre-service and current educators to instruct these learners effectively.
  • Design appropriate and flexible secondary school programs that offer time and coursework that account for the second language development process.
  • Use research-based instructional practices more widely and consistently.
  • Fund and conduct more short- and long-term research on new and existing interventions and programs, and on the academic performance of these adolescent ELLs.

Related Resources

Copyright 2007 Carnegie Corporation of New York.
Short, Deborah J., and Shannon Fitzsimmons. 2007. Double the Work: Challenges and Solutions to Acquiring Language and Academic Literacy for Adolescent English Language Learners. A report commissioned by the Carnegie Corporation of New York. Washington, DC: Alliance for Excellent Education.

Original Source: National Writing Project, https://www.nwp.org/cs/public/print/resource/2479

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